History of Impressionism

Study Day

Philip Wilson Steer Walberswick

Session 1  The Establishment of Impressionism

  • The forerunners of Impressionism – Corot, plein air painters and the Barbizon School
  • Constable and Turner
  • Boudin and Jongkind in Le Havre
  • The politics of the Salon under Napoleon 111
  • Academic painters and the Beaux-Arts tradition
  • Manet, The Dejeuner sur l’Herbe and the Salon des Refuses
  • Degas
  • The influence of Photography
  • New chemical pigments and painting techniques
  • The Franco-Prussian War
  • The first Impressionist exhibition in Nadar’s studio 1874

Session 2  High Impressionism 1874-1914

Monet Boulevard des Capucines, Snow 1873r
  • Monet’s painting in Paris and along the Seine 1860-1880 – Argenteuil, La Grenouillere, Vernon, Vetheuil
  • Renoir and Monet
  • Sisley’s snow paintings
  • Pissarro and paintings of towns
  • Berthe Morisot and Mary Cassatt
  • Gustave Caillebotte
  • Late Monet – the series – Grainstacks, Rouen Cathedral, The Thames, Waterlilies, Poplars on the Epte

Session 3  Impressionism Outside France

  • Impressionism in Britain – links with France through Sickert and Wilson Steer
  • Formation of the New English Art Club 1886
  • Newlyn School, Glasgow Boys
  • Impressionism in USA – links with France through Sargent and Whistler
  • The Ten American Painters – Childe Hassam, J. Alden Weir, John Henry Twachtman, Robert Reid, Willard Metcalf, Frank Benson, Edmund Tarbell, Thomas  Dewing, Joseph DeCamp, and Edward Simmons
  • Impressionism in Italy and Scandinavian countries.
  • The lasting legacy of Impressionism
Cassatt Young Mother Sewing 1900
Benson Frank Summer 1909